[1]杨 慧,何 香,何恒果.中华草蛉对月季长管蚜的捕食功能反应[J].西华师范大学学报(自然科学版),2019,40(01):39-43.[doi:10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2019.01.006]
 YANG Hui,HE Xiang,HE Hengguo.The Functional Response of Chrysoperla sinsca to Macrosiphum roswomm[J].Journal of China West Normal University(Natural Sciences),2019,40(01):39-43.[doi:10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2019.01.006]
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中华草蛉对月季长管蚜的捕食功能反应

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《西华师范大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1673-5072/CN:51-1699/N]

卷:
40
期数:
2019年01期
页码:
39-43
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:

The Functional Response of Chrysoperla sinsca to Macrosiphum roswomm

作者:

杨  慧何  香何恒果

(西华师范大学 生命科学学院,四川 南充  637009)

Author(s):

YANG HuiHE XiangHE Hengguo

(College of Life Science,China West Normal University,Nanchong Sichuan 637009,China)

关键词:

中华草蛉月季长管蚜捕食功能反应

Keywords:

Chrysoperla sinscaMacrosiphum roswommpredationfunctional response

分类号:
S476.2
DOI:
10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2019.01.006
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

月季长管蚜(Macrosiphum rosuomm)是蔷薇属园林植物的主要害虫,其优势天敌为中华草蛉(Chrysoperla sinsca)。为明确中华草蛉对月季长管蚜的自然控制力,在室内研究了中华草蛉3龄幼虫自身密度和不同蚜虫密度对捕食功能的影响。结果表明:中华草蛉对月季长管蚜的捕食功能反应符合HollingⅡ型圆盘方程,其拟合模型为Na=1.189 Nt /(1+0.001 4 Nt),每头中华草蛉在1 d内对月季长管蚜的最大捕食量为83.33头,捕食每头月季长管蚜的时间Th=0.012 d。根据HollingⅢ型功能反应新模型Na=a·exp(-b/N-1t),求得最佳寻找密度30.41头。中华草蛉自身密度对月季长管蚜捕食作用有一定制约,拟合Watt竞争模型方程为A=60.542P-0.051。研究结果表明,中华草蛉对月季长管蚜有较大的捕食潜能,为月季长管蚜的生物防治提供了一定的理论基础。

Abstract:

The rose aphid,Macrosiphum roswomm is the main pest of rose plants,and its dominant natural enemy is Chrysopidae sinsca.To investigate the natural control of C.sinsca to M.roswomm,the impact of density of three instars of C.sinsca and different densities of aphids on predation functional response is studied under laboratory condition.The results show that the functional response of C.sinsca to M.roswomm fits HollingⅡ type equation and the equations are Na=1.189 Nt /(1+0.001 4 Nt).The maximal theoretical predation numbers of C.sinsca are 83.33 per day and the handling time of one M.roswomm is Th=0.012 d.The best seeking density is about 30.41 according to HollingⅢ new functional response model Na=a·exp(-b/N-1t).The density of C.sinsca has certain constraint on its predation functional response to M.roswomm,and the fitting equation of Watt competition model is A=60.542 P-0.051.The study indicates that C.sinsca has a great predation potential for M.roswomm,which can provide a theoretical basis for biological control of M.roswomm.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:

收稿日期:2018-08-22
基金项目:四川省教育厅重点项目(17ZA0388);西华师范大学英才基金项目(17YC327)
作者简介::杨  慧(1995—),女,四川绵阳人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为园林植物病虫害。E-mail:1321066886@qq.com
通信作者:何恒果(1978—),女,四川宜宾人,博士,副教授,主要从事昆虫学、农林有害生物综合治理研究工作。E-mail:hengguohe@163.com

更新日期/Last Update: 2018-12-20