[1]杨兰荣,洪明生,韦 伟,等.四川省典型湿地秋冬季的水鸟多样性及其干扰因素[J].西华师范大学学报(自然科学版),2019,40(01):22-31.[doi:10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2019.01.004]
 YANG Lanrong,HONG Mingsheng,WEI Wei,et al.Waterbirds Diversity and Its Disturbance Factors in Autumn andWinter at Typical Wetlands of Sichuan Province[J].Journal of China West Normal University(Natural Sciences),2019,40(01):22-31.[doi:10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2019.01.004]
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四川省典型湿地秋冬季的水鸟多样性及其干扰因素

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《西华师范大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1673-5072/CN:51-1699/N]

卷:
40
期数:
2019年01期
页码:
22-31
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:

Waterbirds Diversity and Its Disturbance Factors in Autumn andWinter at Typical Wetlands of Sichuan Province

作者:

杨兰荣1洪明生1韦  伟1张泽钧1周  宏1魏  扬2

(1.西华师范大学生 a.生命科学学院,b.西南野生动植物资源保护教育部重点实验室,四川 南充  637009;2.四川省南充市高级中学,四川 南充  637100)

Author(s):

YANG Lanrong1HONG Mingsheng1WEI Wei1ZHANG Zejun1ZHOU Hong1WEI Yang2

(1.a.College of Life Science,b.Key Laboratory of Southwest China Wildlife Resources Conservation of the Ministry of Education, China West Normal University,Nanchong Sichuan 637009,China;2.Nanchong Senior High School,Nanchong Sichuan 637100,China)

关键词:

水鸟多样性湿地秋冬季干扰因子

Keywords:

waterfowldiversitywetlandautumn and winterdisturbance factor

分类号:
Q958.5
DOI:
10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2019.01.004
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

四川省具有丰富的湿地资源,湿地鸟类多样性丰富。为揭示秋冬季四川湿地鸟类组成,于2016年1月、10月和11月对四川省内16个湿地(13个自然湿地,3个人工湿地)的鸟类进行了调查。共记录鸟类74种47 984只,隶属8目13科。其中,IUCN红色名录物种7种,计2 517只;国家Ⅰ、Ⅱ级重点保护鸟类6种,计116只。Shannon-Wiener指数和Pielou指数显示,三江湖、古宇湖、兴隆湖、邛海、构溪河、岷江眉山段以及长江泸州段7个湿地的多样性和均匀度较其他湿地高,面形湿地水鸟的种类和数量均大于线形湿地。10月与11月,水鸟数量与湿地面积成正的线性关系,水鸟种类与湿地面积无明显线性关系。干扰因子调查统计发现,旅游开发因子在全部调查湿地中占最高比例,在自然河段中采砂业占比高且威胁强度大。以上研究发现可为四川秋冬季湿地水鸟自然保护与生态监测提供借鉴与参考。

Abstract:

Sichuan Province is abundant in wetland resources and diversity of wetland birds.To reveal the composition of winter wetland birds in Sichuan Province,the birds of 16 wetlands (13 natural wetlands,and 3 artificial wetlands) in Sichuan province were investigated in January,October and November of 2016.A total of 74 species are recorded with a total number of 47 984,belonging to 8 orders and 13 families.Among them,there are 7 species of IUCN red list with the number of 2 517,and 6 species with the number of 116 classified intoⅠ and Ⅱ level nationally protected birds.The Shannon-Wiener index and Pielou index show that the seven wetlands of Sanjiang Lake,Guyu Lake,Xinglong Lake,Qionghai Lake,Gouxi River,Meishan section of Minjiang River and Luzhou section of Yangtze River are higher in diversity and evenness than other wetlands,and its waterfowl species and quantity of regular wetland are larger than that of linear wetlands.In October or November,a positive linear relationship between waterfowl quantity and wetland area is detected while no obvious linear relationship between the waterfowl species and the wetland area is found.According to the statistics of disturbance factors,tourism development factors account for the highest proportion in all surveyed wetlands,and sand mining industry with a high threat intensity account for a high proportion in the natural river reach.The above findings can provide some guidelines for the natural protection and ecological monitoring of waterfowls in autumn and winter at the wetlands of Sichuan Province.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:

收稿日期:2018-10-16
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(31270570,31670530)
作者简介:杨兰荣(1994—),男,四川会理人,硕士研究生,主要从事动物保护研究。
通信作者:周  宏(1987—),男,四川南充人,讲师,主要从事保护生物学研究。E-mail:zhouhong1026@163.com

更新日期/Last Update: 2018-12-20