[1]张冬玲,何 可,杨志松.卧龙国家级自然保护区大中型兽类多样性调查[J].西华师范大学学报(自然科学版),2019,40(01):15-21.[doi:10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2019.01.003]
 ZHANG Dongling,HE Ke,YANG Zhisong.An Investigation on the Biodiversity of Large andMedium Mammals in Wolong National Nature Reserve[J].Journal of China West Normal University(Natural Sciences),2019,40(01):15-21.[doi:10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2019.01.003]
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卧龙国家级自然保护区大中型兽类多样性调查

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《西华师范大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1673-5072/CN:51-1699/N]

卷:
40
期数:
2019年01期
页码:
15-21
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:

An Investigation on the Biodiversity of Large andMedium Mammals in Wolong National Nature Reserve

作者:

张冬玲何  可杨志松

(西华师范大学 生命科学学院,四川 南充  637009)

Author(s):

ZHANG DonglingHE KeYANG Zhisong

(College of life science,China West Normal University,Nanchong Sichuan 637009,China)

关键词:

大中型兽类多样性卧龙国家级自然保护区生境海拔

Keywords:

large and medium sized mammalsdiversityWolong National Nature Reservehabitataltitude

分类号:
Q958.1
DOI:
10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2019.01.003
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

2014—2016年利用样线法对卧龙国家级自然保护区内的大中型兽类展开了调查,运用G-F指数对该区域大中型兽类物种的生物多样性进行分析,采用Shannon-Wiener指数、Pielou均匀性指数、Simpson优势度指数对保护区内各生境的大中型兽类进行对比分析。本次调查记录到保护区内共有大中型兽类30种,分属4目12科。其中东洋界的物种有17种,古北界7种,广布种6种。属于国家一、二级重点保护野生兽类分别有6、12种。DG指数为3.106 5,DF指数为6.026 1,DG-F指数为0.484 5。保护区各生境中,高山灌丛生境中大中型兽类物种分布最均匀,多样性指数为3.29、均匀度指数为0.68、优势度指数为0.87。海拔2 500~3 000 m分布的大中型兽类物种最多,共记录到21种。受人类活动影响保护区内低海拔区域大中型兽类物种分布较贫乏,生物多样性较低。因此,保护区还需进一步完善保护区及周边环境的监测体系,加强对大中型野生动物的监督和保护。

Abstract:

The investigation of large and mediumsized mammals in Wolong National Nature Reserve had been carried out by the transect line method from 2014 to 2016.The G-F index is used to analyze the biodiversity of large and mediumsized mammal species in the region and the ShannonWiener index,the Pielou Uniformity Index and the Simpson Dominance Index are used to do comparative analysis of various habitats in the protected area.In this survey,30 large and mediumsized mammals are observed in the nature reserve,belonging to 3 orders and 12 families.There are 17 species belonging to the Eastern Ocean,7 species in the Palaearctic,and 6 species widely distributed.The DG index is 3.106 5.The DF index is 6.026 1 and the DG-F  index is 0.484 5.The distribution of large and mediumsized mammal species in the alpine shrub habitat is the most uniform,with a diversity index of 3.29,a uniformity index of 0.68,and a dominance index of 0.87.Large and mediumsized mammal species are mostly distributed at an altitude range of 2 500~3 000 m,and 21 species are recorded.The distribution of large and mediumsized mammal species in lowaltitude area is comparatively poor in the reserve,and the biodiversity is low due to human activities.Therefore,further improvement of the monitoring system of protected areas and its surrounding environment is needed,and the supervision and protection of large and mediumsized wild animals must be strengthened.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:

收稿日期:2018-09-16
基金项目:四川卧龙国家级自然保护区本底资源调查项目(0702-1441CITC6240-04)
作者简介:张冬玲(1993—),女,四川宝兴人,硕士研究生,主要从事生态学研究。E-mail:zdongling1128@126.com
通信作者:杨志松(1975—),男,四川北川人,博士,研究员,硕士生导师,主要从事动物生态学与保护生物学研究。 E-mail:yangzhisong@126.com

更新日期/Last Update: 2018-12-20