[1]郭雄飞,陈红跃.惠州棕榈岛高尔夫球场植物多样性研究[J].西华师范大学学报(自然科学版),2018,39(04):370-376.[doi:10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2018.04.006]
 GUO Xiongfei,CHEN Hongyue.Plant Diversity in the Golf Course on Palm Islands of Huizhou City[J].Journal of China West Normal University(Natural Sciences),2018,39(04):370-376.[doi:10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2018.04.006]
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惠州棕榈岛高尔夫球场植物多样性研究

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《西华师范大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1673-5072/CN:51-1699/N]

卷:
39
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
370-376
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-12-20

文章信息/Info

Title:

Plant Diversity in the Golf Course on Palm Islands of Huizhou City

作者:

郭雄飞12陈红跃2

(1.西华师范大学 环境科学与工程学院,四川 南充  637009;2.华南农业大学 资源环境学院,广州  510642)

Author(s):

GUO Xiongfei  12  CHEN Hongyue2

(1.College of Environmental Science and Englineering,China West Normal University,Nanchong Sichuan 637009,China;2.College of Resoureces and Environmental Sciences,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou 510642,China)

关键词:

高尔夫球场植物多样性物种组成惠州物种丰富度

Keywords:

golf courseplant diversityspecies compositionHuizhouspecies richness

分类号:
S732
DOI:
10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2018.04.006
文献标志码:
A
摘要:

以惠州棕榈岛高尔夫球场内红千层+南美蟛蜞菊(1)、假槟榔+红桑(2)、刺桐+大红花(3)、荔枝+海芋(4)、大叶相思+南美蟛蜞菊(5)、皇后葵+虎尾兰(6)等6个主要植被群落和附近山坡地对照马尾松林群落(7)及开发区风水林对照群落(8)为调查对象,应用丰富度(S)、Simpson 指数、Shannon-Wiener 指数和Pielou 均匀度指数对样地内物种组成和植被多样性进行分析,结果表明:球场6个样地群落乔木层植物物种数依次为3、5、4、1、3和  6种  ,共有22种,灌木层依次为2、5、2、0、0和1种,共有10 种;草本层依次为4、1、4、4、3和4,共有20种;将球场群落植物多样性平均水平与附近山坡地对照马尾松林群落及开发区风水林群落多样性进行比较,结果表明:整体上高尔夫球场植物群落的物种丰富度、Simpson 指数、Shannon-Wiener 指数、Pielou均匀度指数均高于对照样地马尾松林群落,但低于风水林群落。说明球场的建设促进了当地植物多样性的提高。然而,结合高尔夫球场自身的景观营建需求,球场各群落仍普遍存在物种单一、植物多样性较低的问题。因此,建议合理引进不同种类植物以增加群落物种丰富度,调整乡土树种与外来树种的配比来构建复合型植物群落,丰富群落多样性,转变群落结构单一的局面。

Abstract:

In this study,six kinds of plant community including Callistemon rigidus+ Wedelia trilobata(1),Archontophoenix alexandrae+ Acalypha wilkesiana(2),Erythrina variegate+ Hibiscus rosa-sinensis(3),Litchi chinensis+ Alocasia macrorrhiza(4),Acacia auriculiformis+ Wedelia trilobata(5),Syagrus romanzoffiana+ Sansevieria trifasciata(6)in the golf course on Palm Islands ,Fengshui Forest (7) in development zone and control masson pine forest(8)near the hill in Huiyang district of Huizhou city are taken as the research objects.The species compositon and plant diversity are analyzed by measuring the richness,Simpson index,Shannon-Wiener index and Pielou index.The results show that among the 22 plant species found in the six sample plant community ,there are 3,5,4,1,3 and 6 species in the plots of 1,2,3,4,5 and 6 respectively.Among the 10 plant species at the shrub layer,there are 2,5,2,0,0 and 1 species in the six plots separately.Among the 20 species plants at the herb layer,there are 4,1,4,4,3 and 4 species.Comparing the average level of plant community diversity in the golf course with the masson pine forest community near the hill and the Fengshui forest community in development zone,the results show that species richness,Simpson index,Shannon-Wiener index and Pielou index of the six plant communities in the vegetation communities of the golf course on the whole are higher than that of the masson pine forest near the hill but lower than that of the fengshui forest community.It demonstrates that the construction of golf course has promoted the diversity of local plants.However,the species of these communities are still prevalently single and the plant diversity is comparatively lower in consideration of the landscape construction needs of golf course.Therefore,further improvement and adjustment are needed for the construction and operation of golf course.Plant community richness can be increased by  a reasonable introduction of different plants.To change the situation of single community structure,the ratio of native trees and exotic species should be adjusted to build complex plant communities and richen the community diversity.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:

收稿日期:2018-06-20
基金项目:西华师范大学博士启动项目(412666);香港嘉道理农场及植物园公司资助项目(4400G05002)。
作者简介:郭雄飞(1987—),男,湖北黄冈人,博士,讲师,主要从事环境生态学。E-mail:516395612@qq.com  
通信作者:陈红跃(1964—),男,广东潮汕人,博士,教授,主要从事林分改造相关研究。E-mail:34752952@qq.com

更新日期/Last Update: 2018-12-20