[1]张泽钧,李有绪,韦伟,等.野生小熊猫营养生态学研究:现状与前瞻[J].西华师范大学学报(自然科学版),2017,38(01):1-5.[doi:10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2017.01.001]
 ZHANG Zejun,LI Youxu,WEI Wei,et al.On Nutrition Ecology of Wild Red Panda: Research Status and Perspectives[J].Journal of China West Normal University(Natural Sciences),2017,38(01):1-5.[doi:10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2017.01.001]
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野生小熊猫营养生态学研究:现状与前瞻()
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《西华师范大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1673-5072/CN:51-1699/N]

卷:
38
期数:
2017年01期
页码:
1-5
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
On Nutrition Ecology of Wild Red Panda: Research Status and Perspectives
作者:
张泽钧李有绪韦伟周宏洪明生
(西华师范大学 生命科学学院,四川 南充637009)
Author(s):
ZHANG ZejunLI YouxuWEI WeiZHOU HongHONG Mingsheng
(College of Life Sciences,China West Normal University,Nanchong Sichuan 637009,China)
关键词:
小熊猫主食竹行为适应营养平衡几何框架
Keywords:
Ailurus fulgens (red panda)staplefood bamboobehavioral adaptationnutrition balancegeometrical
分类号:
Q958
DOI:
10.16246/j.issn.1673-5072.2017.01.001
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
食物中营养成分对动物行为的影响一直是动物营养生态学研究的核心问题。面对食物营养供给的变化,食草动物可通过行为及生理等不同途径进行补偿性调节,以满足个体生存与繁衍对营养的需求。小熊猫在分类上属于食肉目动物,仍保留着肉食动物消化肠道的特征,但在食性上已特化为以竹为生。小熊猫植食性生活方式的获得及食谱的季节性变化为探讨通过行为调节以适应低营养质量食物来源的挑战提供了特殊的机会。本文在对野生动物营养生态学作简要介绍的基础上,从觅食对策、空间利用及繁殖行为等方面就野生小熊猫营养生态学研究现状进行了概要梳理,指出在传统生态调查的基础上,可结合微卫星分子标记、自动触发红外相机以及GPS可自动脱落颈圈跟踪等技术并在几何框架模型下检验营养平衡摄入对小熊猫行为的全面影响。这些研究预期可揭示小熊猫应对竹子资源季节性变动在行为等方面产生的适应性机制,并将对小熊猫竹子这种特殊二元系统协同进化机制的认识提升到崭新的水平
Abstract:
The impact of food nutrients on animal behaviors has always been one of the core issues in Nutritional Ecology research.Under seasonal environmental changes,herbivores will adjust its behavior and physiology in a compensatory way so as to meet the nutrition demand of survival and reproduction.Although the red panda (Ailurus fulgens) is classified under Carnivore retaining the same typical digestive tracts,its feeding habits have changed to a bamboo diet in specialty.Therefore, its latter acquired herbivorous lifestyle and seasonal diet composition provide a peculiar opportunity to explore how shifts in herbivore behavior allow a specie to cope with lownutrient food quality challenges.In this paper,a brief introduction about nutrition ecology of wild animals will be given first,then a summary of the research status on Nutritional Ecology of wild red panda is discussed from the perspective of feeding strategy,space usage,reproductive behavior and so on.It is suggested that traditional ecological studies can be combined with some new research techniques,such as microsatellite markers,autotriggered cameras and GPS autoreleased collars and so on,and the impact of balanced nutrition intake on wild red panda can be tested under geometrical framework model.These studies forecast a revelation to the behavioral adaptation mechanism of red pandas to cope with the seasonal food change of bamboos.It is hoped that the understanding of the coevolution relationship between red pandas and bamboos will be raised to a new level.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:

收稿日期:2017-01-01基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(31270570,31670530)
作者简介:张泽钧(1972—) ,男,四川遂宁人,博士,教授,主要从事大熊猫等珍稀动物的研究与保护。
通信作者:张泽钧,E-mail: zhangzj@ioz.ac.cn
引用本文:张泽钧,李有绪,韦伟,等.野生小熊猫营养生态学研究:现状与前瞻[J].西华师范大学学报(自然科学版),2017,38(1):1-5.[ZHANG Zejun,LI Youxu,WEI Wei,et al.On nutrition ecology of wild red panda: research status and perspectives[J].Journal of China West Normal University(Natural Sciences),2017,38(1):1-5.]野生小熊猫营养生态学研究:现状与前瞻
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-03-20